Protect Shutter Operation on Spallation Neutron Source at Oak Ridge
At Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) in Tennessee, a unique solution was needed to maintain position integrity on a series of ...
... massive shutters, used to control the flow of neutrons of the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS).
This neutron delivery system consists of eighteen 30T and 50T shutters, raised and lowered vertically, 20T and 30T respectively, by stainless steel hydraulic cylinders. The cylinders operate on tap water, at 2200 psi, that is continuously filtered and sterilized. The shutters lower by gravity, controlled by metered outflow controls. This operation can occur four times every hour, for approximately 5000 hours annually. The SNS is currently utilized for advanced R&D and materials development in various markets, including semiconductor, medicine and materials engineering. It will be the most intense and powerful neutron beam source in the world, when it achieves full power of 1.4MW.
One of the shutter rooms on the SNS (Spallation Neutron Source) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Overall, a series of 30T and 50T shutters is utilized for neutron control function. Each shutter has two SITEMA Safety Catchers in place.
As ORNL engineer Ken Chipley explained, "We investigated a number of solutions to solve the shutter operation challenge, working with Dave Vesco and his team at TPG Application Technology in Knoxville, a company that specializes in the engineering of remote operation and robotic systems used in radioactive and other hazardous areas.
After reviewing several options for the shutter operation integrity, we decided on safety catchers for the drive rods." Each shutter drive cylinder is equipped with two SITEMA Safety Catchers, supplied by Advanced Machine & Engineering Co. (AME) in Rockford, Illinois.
SITEMA Safety Catchers are typically utilized for equipment and personnel protection on hydraulic and pneumatic presses, as well as materials handling equipment, molding machines, automotive assembly transfer lines, even people movers and amusement park rides. In this application, the safety catchers were needed to prevent gravity fall of the shutters, in the event of hydraulic pressure loss, cylinder failure, control valve failure or other system malfunctions.
Two specially designed hydraulic release stainless steel safety catchers are employed on each of the shutters, which raise and lower via a central hydraulic lift cylinder with twin drive rods in parallel, connected by a bridge cross beam mechanism, also manufactured by AME for this application. In the "up" or closed position, the shutter is suspended by the drive rods.
Water is used for this hydraulic system, as it's inert and not susceptible to radiation damage or pose a flammability hazard. The tap water used here is constantly filtered and sterilized, as it runs through sanitary-grade, Schedule 80 and XXS stainless steel piping. Separate hydraulic control manifolds are present, so that each instrument operates independently. Likewise, each lift cylinder has its own leak detection system.